Galaxies Do Not Rotate


There is no easy or short answer. First of all, we need to understand some basics. the question “Do Galaxies Rotate Clockwise Or Counter Clockwise” is wrong, because it assumes a choice out of only the two answers implied in the question, and both answers are wrong.

In conventional science, we all learn about two polarities, i.e. North and South, and that be it. But last century genius scientist Walter Russel goes a bit further, into a direction that adds to the logic of understanding the universe properly: Four polarities, i.e. North, East, South, West.

In other words, the Law Of Keppler as regards planetary orbits is wrong. Logically, because a three dimensional space would be impossible with only the two North South poles. Even the cosmological navigational systems work with four coordinates per point rather than with two. Space is not flatland.

This has far reaching implications to the way movement of celestial bodies in outer space is to be perceived.

There is more to the subject of polarizing.

Positive electricity produces the condition of gravity by compression, i.e. charging or generating, to form the low potential condition that constitutes space.

Negative electricity produces the condition of radiation by expanding, i.e. discharging or degenerating, to form bodies into solids surrounded by their counterpart space.

The centripetal force is generative. The centrifugal force is radiative. So, the various rotational movements of a celestial body are related with generating and degenerating, rather than just coincidental effect of electromagnetism or gravity.

Opposite, i.e. complementary, North South poles control the charge and discharge and keep a celestial body in balance. Logically, the equatorial rotation is controlled by East West poles.

The light and the dark of space, such as of the stars and dark matter, interchange constantly, each becoming the other sequentially. These cycles span billions of years. So, the light arms of a spiral galaxy may become the dark arms and vice versa,

Radiation is an electric effect, not magnetic. Gravitation and radiation are both radial.

The alleged Thermodynamic Law assumes that heat conveyed from one body to another cannot be at a higher temperature. Interesting enough, nature is constantly doing just that.

The First Law of Newton talks about bodies in a “state of rest”, which is a misconception, because nothing is in a state of rest. And the most famous Third Law of Newton “to every action there is an equal end opposite reaction” is nonsense as well, because every action is simply balanced by an equal and opposite, and is repeated sequentially in reversed polarity. This we, astronomers, see over and over again when we look at for example dumbell type of nebulae, a mass expelling black hole in the center of a galaxy, a planetary aurora, a pulsar gamma burst, and so forth. So, Newton’s Law only describes what seems but not what really is. The fact that physics mathematics works does not justify the commonly accepted (mis)concepts.

Also, the way gravity is perceived by conventional scientists is that it is just pulling mass, such as the pull between Earth and the Moon as co-defined by the La Grange effect. It only seems that way. The movements are, in fact, controlled by electrical forces of reversed polarity, rather than by gravital pull of the bodies. Same as for any solar system. Moreover, gravtity is often mistaken for magnetism and vice versa.

The hot radiating masses are visible to the astronomer’s eye through a telescope, but the cold generating spirals that are creating hot bodies are not visible. So we see the light arms and think there are only these light arms, and so we talk about spiral arms. But in reality there are dark sections – or arms, if you will – too, and the whole body is not necessarily an open spiral galaxy, like a wheel with curved spokes, but could be as well a full disk like a saucer. We just do not see dark objects.

As for the question “do galaxies rotate clockwise or counter lockwise?”, the answer is: If clockwise is defined as rotation with the spiral arms being dragged like superman’ cape, then the answer is: wrong question because in fact we should not talk of “rotate” but rather of “shapeshift”.

The – to the human light spectrum visible – outer edges of the spirals move counter clockwise, away from the core. The inner edges of the spirals move clockwise, toward the core. The core itself moves counter clockwise. It is important to understand that an arm has the shape of a peeled shrimp or half a ying-yang figure. The cores of more than one arm will always be merged, if they are not already.

The dark arms – apparently the dark sections between the light arms – move in exactly the same way, except that their cores are not merged. Each core is located at the inner edge of a light arm near the core of the light arm, and is a vortex rotating clockwise. In most spiral galaxies, the dark core is very small.

In this example (image below), as for the cores in a two arm spiral galaxy – with two light arms and two dark arms – there are two light cores, to be merged, and two dark cores, also to be merged. The dark cores are relatively small and are located at the inner extremities of the arms near the light center area. So, four cores in total, in this example.

The entire galaxy keeps shifting toward a more circular shape, the cores all merge into one common core. So, all in all, the galaxy is shifting shape. And that is for all galaxies in the universe.

So if you look at a galaxy with the spiral arms “arrowheads” pointing counter clockwise, then the core is rotating counter clockwise, the inside regions of the spiral arms are rotating clockwise and the outside regions of the spiral arms are rotating counter clockwise. And under influence of various forces, the shape is shifting from a spiral into a ing.

In conclusion, the light arms – in this example (image below) – move outward, i.e. rotate counter clockwise, and the dark arms – in this example (image below) – move inward, i.e. rotate clockwise.

So if you ask what direction a galaxy is rotating, then it all depends on which galaxy and what part of that galaxy, the light part or the dark part. In fact, the movements of the parts are not exactly rotational nor exactly orbital but somewhere in between. And, each moving part may have a different radial speed and with a different shape shift factor.

If you still insist to see a galaxy as one single unit, then any answer will do, i.e. there is no “either this or that” multiple choice answer. Each galaxy is in a different stage fo shape shift.

Such question may only be useful for inter galactic warp speed space trips to be planned from a specific points in galaxy A to a specific point in galaxy B, if ever such technology would get a chance to exist. Then the course of the spaceship needs to be replotted along the ever changing co-ordinates, depending on the speed of the craft. For each galaxy the math is different.

Disappointed? Well, you most likely were preconditioned by your schooling.


A New Concept Of The Universe, 1953, by Walter Russel of The Walter Russel Foundation, curated in 1989 by The University of Science and Philosophy at Waynesboro, Virginia 22980 USA.

Walter Russel has developed an unorthodox science that makes more sense than the trodden paths we learn in the regular educational institutions. The only problem I have with his teachings are the religious references to “God”, without a clear definition of what “God” actually is. I assume he was trying to say that nothing in the universe happens by sheer coincidence.

Below for reference an image from Walter Russel’s book. It is fairly easy to see the shape shifting movements that ultimately would result into a circular form. It is logical and makes sense totally.

rotation orbit spiral arms galaxy

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